Gum diseases such as gingivitis and periodontitis are known to be severe oral conditions. They put one's entire oral health at risk and lead to issues such as oral infections, swelling, and inflammation of the gums, root canal infections, bleeding, halitosis, gradual bone deterioration, etc.
But, gum diseases are also known to influence certain heart conditions, and studies carried out over the past few years have some vital input in this regard. It was found that patients with gum diseases stand a higher chance of developing heart conditions than those who don't.
Inflammation is the culpri
Plaque and tartar are the leading causes of gum diseases. The microbes in tartar end up irritating the nearby tissues, including teeth and gums. This can cause bleeding, the release of pus, and severe inflammation. The gums gradually become loose, which allows the microbes to deposit inside the gum pockets.
When such bacteria come in contact with blood vessels, the chances run high that they're spreading to different parts of the body through the bloodstream. This includes regions of the heart, such as the major arteries that supply blood to organs of the body. The presence of microbes can trigger inflammation in heart tissues as well as the arteries, which makes them stiff. The blood would have to pass through small apertures, and thus, it indirectly influences the blood pressure.
How can it be controlled?
- As soon as you feel your gums have receded, or find traces of blood while brushing or chewing food, get immediate dental attention. In most cases of periodontitis, the patient's neglect leads to an increase in the severity of the condition.
- Get scaling and root planing done to remove the plaque and tartar deposits from the surface of the teeth and the roots. It provides significant relief from gum diseases.
- Brush and floss your teeth regularly to remove the microbes from the mouth.
- Visit the dentist for routine consultations. Going for a consultation at least once every six months allows us to keep a check on your oral health and halt infections in their initial stages, if any.
- Avoid eating foods rich in saturated fats and cholesterol. They negatively influence the heart conditions. Also, limit the consumption of sugary foods as they lead to cavities and plaque buildup.
- Make sure you take the medication suggested by your dentist to counter the gum disease. Though periodontitis can't be cured completely, it can surely be controlled.
For more assistance, reach out to us at (925) 553-7173 or schedule an online appointment to have a consultation with Dr. Balakrishna.